Welding is a process of fusion of two or more metal parts through fabrication. This process undergoes by means of pressure, application of intense heat, or joining of the different parts by cooling down.
There are 7 basic types of welding. And most of them fall under two basic categories: Gas welding and Arc welding.
Gas-type welding has its different branches. Similarly, arc-type welding also has various branches.
In this article, we will be discussing gas and arc welding, their pros and cons, and take a deep dive into the topic.
Table of Contents
Arc welding vs Gas welding
All of these fusion welding procedures, known as arc welding, comprise of usage of an electric arc to provide the heat required to liquefy the main constituents’ desired surfaces in preparation for coalescence production.
On the other side of the coin, the gas welding procedure comprises a flame produced by the burning of oxygen gas which is used as a fuel to deliver essential heat.
As a result, the primary distinction between the two types of welding: Gas and arc, is the heat source; yet, their levels of capacity and intrinsic quality differ significantly.
What is gas welding
To lay it in a simple way, gas welding is the process of attaching or detaching different joints of two or more metal parts using different types of gas such as acetylene, and oxy-acetylene.
It is one of the ancient forms of heat-based welding and still now many industries prefer this ancient technique for its easy and errorless approach.
In this process, the metals are fused through the process of welding at a high temperature. The oxygen mixed with the fuel gas is burned to produce this high temperature.
The filler material along with the main components are placed in direct contact with the flame to strike it directly and weld the area of joints of metals.
The melted portion of the given material is called the weld pool. The liquefied metals combine with each other and after they are cooled, they form a formidable and strong joint. This is the most common type of welding of metals.
In the final steps of this process, the flame is required to be removed slowly. It is done to give the metal its time to harden itself without oxidation.
Pros and Cons of gas welding
Read More: 10 Ways To Reduce Your Welding Cost
What is arc welding
The process of joining two or more metal parts using the heat from an arc which is generated by electrical power is called arc welding. The source of this power supply can be both AC and DC.
The popular types of welding such as MIG, TIG, or flux-core welding use the basic procedures of arc welding. The electric power is supplied for sustaining the arc.
This arc can produce 6500 degrees Fahrenheit. At this heat, the metals melt very easily to fuse with each other. As the molten metals react with the oxygen and nitrogen present in the air, a protective gas shielding is used to prevent the metals from corroding.
Pros and Cons of arc welding
Arc welding and gas welding difference
The main difference between them is their source of heat. Arc welding has electric power as the heat source and gas welding has gas as a source of heat production.
Arc welding can be conducted on metals that can conduct electricity. Gas welding can be done on almost any type of metal. Shielding is necessary for arc welding whereas no such shielding is required for gas welding.
The temperatures of arc welding are double the temperature of gas welding uses.
5 similarities between gas and electric arc welding
- They follow the basic principles that are used in fusion welding.
- In both styles of welding, heat is supplied externally.
- The filler material is used in both cases and they are also supplied externally.
- Both are preferred for homogenous and heterogenous types of joints
- The heat-affected zones are inherent in both arc and gas welding.
Gas welding vs arc welding: which one to choose:
To put it simply, gas welding is easier to control and a universal welding procedure. On the other hand, arc welding is confined to certain types of material with greater precision and durability than gas welding.
The type of welding to be chosen depends on the types of materials used.
Frequently Asked Questions
Ans: yes, it is much easier than arc welding.
Ans: Arc welding required higher temperatures than gas welding. So, it becomes easy to control gas welding than arc welding.
Ans: Arc welding uses an intense amount of heat, almost double the temperature of gas welding. So, arc welding is faster.
This is all about Arc welding vs Gas welding. Hopefully, our comparison will help you to choose the best suitable one for you. Arc welding or Gas welding, which one is best depends on personal preferences. Think about your requirements and choose accordingly.
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